Going back to help out with the development of the historical story, we should check the following (and please do so
17:22; 2 Kings
4:35, 36; 2 Kings
7:14, 22; Daniel
12:2, 13 (compare this with Revelation
:14~23, 24, 25~31; 13
:13~29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34~43; 17
:18, 19, 31, 32; 23
:10~14, 15, 16, 21; 26
:19~22, 23; Romans 1
:4~11 (here an analogy is being drawn out, and application made towards a different matter; 1 Cor 15
:12~26; Philp 3
:4~11, 10, 12, 13
[/INDENT]Then, we find the likes of the following:
[INDENT]Irenaeus' Against heresies II.XXXIII
(likely c. 250 CE; I could be wrong on this book (copy error/miss), but the chapter is correct)
. . . Thus, then, he [christ] will himself renew the inheritance of the earth, and will re-organize the mystery of the glory of his sons; as David says, 'He who hath renewed the face of the earth," . . . and the resurrection of his disciples in the flesh, for new flesh which rises again is the same that also recieved the new cup [or wine at the last supper] . . .3
. . . The predicted blessing, therefore, belongs unquestionably to the times of the kingdom, when the righteous shall bear rule upon their rising from the dead; when also the creation, having been renovated and set free, shall fructify with an abundance of all kinds of food...
[/INDENT]Also, we have I.XXII
(c. around same time; and the book is correct on this one)
. . . Yet, reluctant as they [the unrighteous] as they may be, these men shall one day rise again in the flesh, to confes the power of him who rises them from the dead; but they shall not be numbered among the righteous on account of their unbelief.
[/INDENT]First Apology of Justin Martyr XVIII
(c. 140~150 CE)
[INDENT]Proof of Immortality and the resurrection . . . since we [who believe in god and his christ] expect to receive again our own bodies, though they be dead and cast into earth, for we maintain that with god nothing is impossible.
[/INDENT]Polycarp's epistle to the Philippians
(c. mid second century)
:2 and the steadfast root of your faith which was famed from primitive times abideth until now and beareth fruit unto our lord Jesus Christ who endured to face even death for our sins. whom god raised, having loosed the pangs of hades...2
:2 Now he that raised him from the dead will raise us also, if we will do his will, and walk in his commandments and love the things which he loved.
:2 ... For if we be well pleasing unto him in this present world, we shall be receive the future world also, according as he promised us to raise us from the dead, and that if we conduct ourselves worthily of him we shall also reign with him, if indeed we have faith.
[/INDENT]Quotes from Papias by Irenaeus
(again, around mid second century)
[INDENT](As the elder who saw John the disciple of the lord remembered that they had heard from him how the lord taught in regard to those times, and said)[this is obviously simple hearsay, but, is from Irenaeus Haer., V. 32; and was thus going around earlier on]
The days will come in which vines shall grow, having each ten thousand branches. . . In like manner, [he said] that a grain of wheat would yield ten pounds of clear, pure, flour, and that apples, and seeds, and grass ....and that all animals, feeding then only on the productions of the earth, would become peaceable and harmonious, and be in perfect subjection to man.
Ignatius' epistle to the Smyrnaeans:
:1 For I know that after his resurrection also he was still possessed of flesh, and I believe that he is now.
:2a and above all, [give heed] to the gospel in which the passion [of christ] has been revealed to us, and the resurrection has been fully proved.
[/INDENT][/INDENT]It is clear that the most likely correct understanding is that Hebrew Chiliasm, and the resurrection tenet which came with it, had been a mainstream tenet of the early (up to mid-first century, and a bit beyond it even, but much less by mid to late second century) Christian movement. According to those who have studied this is detail, we can see that actually, after Constantine's adoption of Christianity as the official Roman theist-based religious belief system, the doctrine lost out. (additionally, early persecution and massacres did succeed in destroying much of the more active, teaching early leaders . . . which may have thinkably played a large role in weakening that core of Christian doctrine, leaving only the 'bones
,' (so to speak) whereby new, and slightly different 'meat
' was added in place of what had actually been there, and had gotten torn away.
With this, is the most correct understanding that for the early Christians, the resurrection story had been a historical report, and the documentation was to prove that story which the very first leaders had come to be persuaded to have been the case (though we cannot know), and that others used to prove what they had been taught by them. It was to be resurrection of the person, the soul (meaning the whole of the person), and that would be one of flesh and bones.