Biblical scholars have long argued that the Dead Sea Scrolls were the work of an ascetic and celibate Jewish community known as the Essenes, which flourished in the 1st century A.D. in the scorching desert canyons near the Dead Sea. Now a prominent Israeli scholar, Rachel Elior, disputes that the Essenes ever existed at all - a claim that has shaken the bedrock of biblical scholarship.
Elior, who teaches Jewish mysticism at Jerusalem's Hebrew University, claims that the Essenes were a fabrication by the 1st century A.D. Jewish-Roman historian Flavius Josephus and that his faulty reporting was passed on as fact throughout the centuries. As Elior explains, the Essenes make no mention of themselves in the 900 scrolls found by a Bedouin shepherd in 1947 in the caves of Qumran, near the Dead Sea. "Sixty years of research have been wasted trying to find the Essenes in the scrolls," Elior tells TIME. "But they didn't exist. This is legend on a legend."
But part of her argument is that the people who do mention them are not credible sources, though.
it's no more than another rebuttal on something that was irrelevant in the first place.
It's sort of irrelevant to me, because I don't think about this subject much. But I think what's relevant is to figure out how representative the Scrolls were of prevailing culture at the time, and if their authors were from the general population (rather than some nomads living up in caves) it does have relevance to our understanding of the period, right?
Scholar Claims Dead Sea Scrolls 'Authors' Never Existed - TIME
Does it really matter who wrote them? No one really knows who the author of Isaiah is either. Why does it matter?
We do not know who, individually, wrote Isaiah, but we know the community that produced the work. And that seems to be the aim of scholars at the moment: identifying the community which produced the scrolls.
The Essenese seem the most likely candidates
That's precisely the issue though: the link Aedes provides is to an article about a scholar who argues that the Essenes never existed. If the Essenes did not exist, the Essenes could not have produced the Dead Sea Scrolls.
Who were the group of scribe that lived in the area by the Dead Sea below the caves where these documents where found?
And I cant see how they could have produced them all, many of them were already very old parchments at the epoch in which they were supposedly written