I guess by Descartes theory of sense perception, you are referring to the first meditation up until the cogito argument at the beginning of meditation 2.
If you are making a presentation against it, you cannot mention the theory of sense deception, or more precisely, the argument for universal doubt, without underlining the emphasis Descartes has on Rationalism. The rationalist perspective was in most part championed by Descartes initially, although you could argue that others like Aquinas had an indirect influence on the notion. Also, Descartes had other follow who, though not in tune with his own philosophy in particular, maintained a rationalist perspective like Spinoza and Leibniz. Descartes was very much against the common school of thought at the time, scholasticism, which was in many respects drawn of Platonic and Aristotelian texts rediscovered earlier.
But Descartes is mainly a rationalist. He wants to prove that there is a type of knowledge and that this knowledge comes before the sense. Basically, it's like saying that you, at the moment of your birth, possess, had all the ideas and concepts of the world imprinted in your mind and gradually you became aware of those a-priori (before the senses) pieces of knowledge. Opposed to this view are the Empiricist, such as Locke, Hume and Berkeley. Locke for example had a huge argument at the beginning of his Essay Concerning Human Understanding
against innate ideasMeditations