Oh goody! We get to talk about time. Thanks Qualia.
Pick up the etch-a-sketch you diagrammed 'time' on, peel back the cellophane and wipe the slate clean.
About 1/4 of the way in from the left side (you can use a piece of paper, turned sideways, if you want) draw a vertical line and label it 'Past'. Don't draw the line all the way down, leave room for labels and information under the lines.
On the right side of the etch-a-sketch (or paper), draw another line and label it the 'Future". Between the 'Past' and the 'Future' draw another line and label it 'Present'. Draw a box around all of this and above the box and write the word 'Time'.
The 'Past' is called the 'Past' because something has passed. (what has passed is the 'Instant', more on that later)
The 'Present' is called the 'Present' because it is a present. (with a bow) Actually the 'Present' is related to your 'Presence'. If you are bringing forth your 'Presence', you are 'Present' and that's the gift.
The definition of 'Future' is what is 'about to be'.
Imagine we are standing in the 'Present' and it is the time of day that the sun comes up in the east. We know from the experience of yesterday, the day before, and the day before that, etc. that in the 'Past' the sun was over the horizon and in the 'Future' the sun will travel across the sky and go down in the west.
Now we are standing in the 'Present' and it is the time of day we call 'noon'. We know from the experience of earlier today that in the 'Past' the sun came up in the east and in the 'Present' it is directly overhead. We know from the experience of yesterday, the day before, and the day before that, etc. that in the 'Future' the sun will travel across the sky and go down in the west.
Have you ever noticed that you can 'talk about' the 'Past' and you can 're-present' the past but your 'representation' never 'brings back' the 'Past' in all of its detail? So, if you can't 're-present' the 'Past' accurately in all of its detail then the 'Past' has passed and all that remains is our 'inaccurate re-presentation', right? If all we can muster is an 'inaccurate re-presentation' then the 'Past' doesn't exist, does it?
The 'Future', ahh the 'Future'. Like the movement of the sun, the 'Future' is nothing more than a 'projection' of an 'inaccurate re-presentation' of the 'Past'.
The 'Present' is a place marker. It marks where you 'presently' are.
Look above the box on the etch-a-sketch at the label, 'Time'. Notice that 'Time' is outside of the 'construct' called 'Past', 'Present', and 'Future'. When you include 'Time' in the 'construct' called 'Past', 'Present', and 'Future', it becomes a concept. It becomes a 'combination of characteristics'. The concept of 'Time' then includes the rise and fall of the sun, the length of shadows, watches, etc. No need to draw this out, you get the point.
Under the box labeled 'Time' I want you to write the word 'Now'. There are 3 things I want you to notice about 'Now', 1) 'Now' is outside of the 'construct' called 'Past', 'Present', and 'Future', 2) the only 'Time' you can talk about 'Time' is 'Now', and 3) 'Now' defies your inclination to 'reduce' it to a 'construct',
'combination of characteristics', a concept.
What 'Time' does point to happens 'Now'. What happens 'Now' does not happen in the 'Past', the 'Present', or in the 'Future'.
Pick up the etch-a-sketch again and on the left-hand side write the word 'Instant'. Notice that the 'Instant' like 'Time' and 'Now' is outside of the
'Past', 'Present', and 'Future'.
The 'Instant' is what we use to point to 'you', 'you', 'be-ing'. 'You' actively unfold your life in an 'Instant' when you uncover a 'distinction'.
Let me give you a couple of examples.
1) Your mother and father buy you your first bicycle. You and your dad go outside so you can 'learn' how to ride the bicycle. You're not sure about whether you will be able to learn to ride or not. You sit on the bike and dad holds on to the seat so you don't fall over. He pushes you so you can gain momentum. While he is pushing you he might "excitedly tell you what to do" in an elevated volume and you might excitedly think that "he should stop yelling at you and let you do it. You're pedaling, he's pushing, and then you notice that he's not pushing anymore. You pedal, wobble and steer to keep your momentum. In an 'Instant' you discover (uncover) that you can ride a bike. You keep pedaling, wobbling, and steering to keep your momentum but now you 'know' you can ride a bicycle.
2) You're out on a date with someone. You're sitting in a restaurant, across from each other, talking. You're enjoying the company of each other and then you notice (in an 'Instant'), OMG, I love this person. In an 'Instant' your whole world has changed! In an 'Instant' you have changed everything that 'shows up' in 'time' and you don't 'see' life like you did an 'Instant' earlier.
In an 'Instant' you uncover the distinction that 'you' are not a construct, a 'combination of characteristics', a concept. You uncover that there is something else going on here.
In an 'Instant' you uncover the distinction that who you are is 'Time' and that you are the never-ending 'Instants' unfolding as you uncover distinctions and make the choice "to be or not to be" the distinctions you uncover.
Dasein (be-ing there)