The simplified principles of thinking
Axiom of thinking
th(sth.) = i
(notes: th: thinking; sth: something, or inf. , referring to information; i: idea)
Such a process is quite similar to the function in Mathematics. However, actually they are very different. In mathematics, a function is "a quantity whose value depends on the varying values of others"
. A functionary must have a certain result. In a function y = sin x
, if x =30˚, y must be equivalent to 1. It is because the nature of that formula itself is unique. The function y = sin x must remain its nature as a function of sine. However our thinking is different. Because of the differences of personalities, habits and environment (including the background of the person and the situation at that time) make our idea of the same object can be difficult. Even a person can have different ideas about the same object because of the variation of environment, or rarely, of the habits. While I am attracted by a beautiful and sexy girl walking on the street, a homosexual man doesn't have the same feeling. While a woman just feel jealous about her, a homosexual or even bisexual girl may even fall in love with this sexy girl. That's why human thinking is so special. Sometimes we may have the same idea with some object, for example most people think drinking more water is healthy (of course the clean one, not those found in the toilet). But the reason for the formation of this idea may be different. Even the reasons are the same, we can never ignore that somebody may have different opinion about such a common sense, though they sound like quite irrational and silly. Simply speaking, though the principle is the same (as the formula shows), supposing the sth. is the same, although there are some differences in our thinking and the ideas may be different from each other, the whole process itself must be the same.
Critical thinking is a good example in explaing the axiom of thinking I. Though the elements are the same (e.g. You analyse something by critical thinking, no matter how you analyse it you are "analysing" something; that's the common point), because of the differences of environments, and your own standing point or view, sometimes also the limitation of complete information, making the analysis toward the same object become different, even though within the same person's thinking.
To conclude, there are three main principles: the law of the existence of thinking, the axiom of thinking I plus the axiom of functionary: firstly, the law of the existence of thinking, proved by the inductive reasoning, claims all the things we do must be related to our thinking. In other words thinking exists in everywhere of our daily life, even when you are in the toilet. Secondly, the axiom of thinking I suggests a clear common process of all human thinking: every thinking must be suitable for the formula of th(sth) = i
. Thirdly, the axiom of functionary, actually is an axiom of the MSS, claiming that all the communication between the world of substance and the world of spirit can only exist when thinking occurs. From these three basic principles of thinking, we can infer that:
Firstly, the necessary existence of thinking. Thinking exists in our daily life in anytime and anywhere. Without thinking we can do nothing. It is not difficult to prove it as we can experience it, although we cannot exactly prove it by ratiocination. However, such a conclusion is only valid among human. So is it the same for the animal? This is quite a difficult question, which will be discussed in the end of the whole essay after you have learnt the TFS completely. Using TFS we can try to check whether the proposition that "all animals cannot think" is true or not.
Secondly, the significance of thinking. Thinking is important as it is the unique method for us to know. Without thinking, though you can "see" from your eyes, you cannot really "see" it as your brain cannot deal with the information of the picture. Only when you can "understand" the image you can "see" it.
Thirdly, the existence of a common form of thinking process. There is a fixed and common form of the process of thinking, based upon the original functionary of thinking must be unique. However, a question is left then. This axiom should be valid among all human's thinking. However, though the process is the same, does it mean a common system of thinking exists too? In the following essays it will be the main thesis for discussion.
5th October, 2009
 A S Hornby. Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary. "function". 6th Edition. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press (China) Ltd., 2000