I would like mention the idea of meta-law, or rather 'lore',
and contrast it with legal law.
If a legal law is bad, then it violates lore.
Lore would be a natural feature of the world, regardless of legal law.
So if a society decides that theft is not against the law, then it has violated lore,
because such a society will eventually collapse.
Now the difference between the two may be vast or small.
Certainly, no law can ever perfectly describe lore, because laws are all utilitarian
and require that some people will lose out for the good of the majority.
But the issue really is, can we at some point do away with law, and just live according to lore?
Well, for most people this is the way we do live.
Law serves only a small minority of wealthy people,
indeed it mostly only serves the legal fraternity at the expense of the majority.
But, people are so corrupt in terms of lore, that we need law to prevent society
from turning into mob-anarchy
- or so goes the argument.
However if "people are corrupt" is a premise, then giving people power by the
force of law, actually increases that corrupt potential.
So this is why I find Christian anarchy
such an appealling idea.
The new testament warns about the corrupt nature of law,
in fact the whole bible does, and it reccomends we follow
the 10 commandments to avoid being robbed by the law.
The point is simply that in order for any system to work,
the people in that system need to observe lore; because if
law is required because of corruption, then that law is going to be corrupt
because of the premise "people are corrupt".
When asked if I believe capitalism or communism is better,
I believe that either system can work, so long as people
have consciousness; awareness of the nature of people.
The soviets outlawed the lore of the Bible, and they collapsed.
China has its own cultural lore, and it thrives - as a communist country
(much to the annoyance of the capitalists who pretend otherwise)
Now the western world is turning away from God's lore,
and the cracks are becomming worse and worse.
So to answer the q
"What makes a law a "good" law?"
is this :
the conscience of the people
Furthemore, just to note that so long as money plays any role in legal procedings,
then law will be far removed from lore : as money is something which brings about inequality; and this subverts completely the notion of equality before the law.