Wisdom Seeker;152432 wrote:
i want to know the whole knowledge of philosophy ...
the whole outline of it...
i'm tired on waiting for college to study it...
i want to study now...
There are a few books that are especially good for people who want to get a gist of the basic framework of philosophy as well as an introduction to philosophical texts, etc.
One of the best introductory books I have come across when I was an undergraduate was Twenty Questions: An introduction to Philosophy by Bowie, Michaels, and Solomon
. I have the 6th edition, and I also got the instructors edition, which has additional reference information. Essentially, Twenty Questions
gives you prevalent philosophical issues, like "does religion give my life meaning" or "what does science tell me about the world." From within the context of that question, the authors produce four page essays for each topic citing about a dozen primary articles. So if you wanted to read up on the question "What is the meaning of death," you could read the essay (which are very well written and extremely cogent for beginners), and then read the supplementary material they used to prove their points. So within the previous question, you could read Plato's The Death of Socrates
, Chuang-Tzu's A Taoist on Death
, etc. etc. etc. The list goes on in that particular question, ranging from classical works to bio-ethical questions raised only in the last few years. But go look at the table of contents on amazon.com, an impressive list of primary questions.
Another book of similar quality is The Philosopher's Handbook: Essential Readings from Plato to Kantby Stanley Rosen
. Everything from social and political philosophy (page 5) to the philosophy of science (page 577) is covered, with utterly phenomenal introductions (substantially longer and more intricate than the twenty questions book).
The good news is that with both of these books, you are at least pretty certain to come across 20 Questions
in either one of your survey courses to philosophy or even your capstone courses. So not only do you get the information from the start, but you may very well encounter the book in your actual coursework, making your study of the book a double benefit. Also, I find that these broad survey books with the supplemental information provided after the intro essays are very good in showing you how to construct a philosophy paper in general. Philosophy departments seldom teach you academic composition aside from the occasional logical reasoning course or even logic requisite courses (and even in that case, you have to strain the extra stuff out to get what you want in this regard). If anything, look at the book to get ideas on how to optimize papers when you start dealing with multiple textual analyses.
If you have a slightly more familiar sense of basic questions in philosophy, pick up any companion series. I am very fond of Blackwell companions. I collected about half of the series, and I have never been unsatisfied with anything any of the contributors have had to say. Take for example one of my favorite Blackwell books, A Companion To Ancient Philosophy by Gill and Pellegrin