That's a good lead. Let's say that no body remembers the real rules of chess, and that philosophy is this chaotic unstable sort of chess. Where rules are written between moves, where the move is rewriting the rules.
There are recognized chess variants. Some include multiple boards rearrangements of the pieces more than 2 players. There are also older version of the game that are not quite the modern chess game. Some movies are relatively new. For example castling in its modern form was established in 1620 in France and 20 years later in England.
So the game changes though not very fast and there are variants though they are much less popular.
A chess game as plastic and chaotic as you are suggesting Reconstructo is possible but I don't think many people would want to play it.